stuart

The Royal Stuarts: A History Of The Family That Shaped Britain By Allan Massie

Charles became convinced that the Scots have been determined to fight not only the Church of England but also the crown. Vowing not to give in to their demands, the king fought two wars against the Scots. The Initial Bishops’ War of 1639 forced Charles to contact the “Short Parliament,” which lasted from April to Could of 1640. Following his defeat in the Second Bishops’ War that exact same year, he known as the “Lengthy Parliament,” which opened that November. Born in Edinburgh, Mr. Nicholson was educated at the Edinburgh Academy, Queen’s University, Ontario and Cambridge University, before spending a...